Many individuals find out that they're facing federal charges when they receive a copy of the grand jury indictment in their case. It's not uncommon for individuals charged with white-collar crimes to find that they're also facing conspiracy charges.
Title 18 United States Code (USC) § 371 is a U.S. statute that describes what conspiracy is. It defines it as a situation in which two or more people join together to violate federal law. This law allows the U.S. Attorney's Office to prosecute anyone they allege crafted a fraudulent scheme, regardless of whether they devised the plan or merely joined it.
There are a few different burdens that prosecutors must meet to adequately prove their conspiracy case, including that the defendant:
You should be aware that federal prosecutors often present circumstantial evidence to prove that some conspiracy occurred.
Federal guidelines allow for a defendant convicted on conspiracy charges to receive a prison sentence of up to five years per offense. A federal judge may also impose up to $250,000 in fines.
Federal investigators invest significant time and resources into compiling evidence before bringing charges. The U.S. Attorney's Office is fast to take a case to trial. If you’re facing federal charges, an experienced attorney can help in develop and implement a defense strategy in your case.